THE ASHLEY MONTAGU RESOLUTION
1. IN HONORIS CAUSA:
On this distinguished occasion of the Fourth International Symposium on Sexual Mutilations, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland (9-11 August 1996), we honor Professor Ashley Montagu, an internationally renowned scientist, scholar and Humanist, who has committed his life to advancing the dignity, integrity and well-being of infants and children and their mothers throughout the world and who has pioneered in documenting the power of pleasure in human touch while condemning the pain and degradation inherent in the barbaric practice of the genital mutilations of children.
In honor of a distinguished life of science for humanity by Ashley Montagu, the Institute of Humanistic Science, the Humanist Fellowship of San Diego, California, and the National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers (NOCIRC) have commemorated their decade-long effort to bring the issue of the genital mutilation of children before The World Court, The Hague, by naming this effort The Ashley Montagu Resolution To End The Genital Mutilation of Children Worldwide.
The Ashley Montagu Resolution To End The Genital Mutilation of Children Worldwide will be sent to various “Heads of State” with a request that they forward this Resolution to The World Court, The Hague, for a jure ruling that the genital mutilation of children violates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The Montagu Resolution will also be forwarded to the Secretary General, United Nations and the President, Amnesty International, for their support of The Montagu Resolution, which affirms that the genital mutilation of children violates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which state: “No(one) child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” (Articles 2 and 37, respectively), and other Articles of these international treaties.
Pursuant to the declarations on the genital mutilations of children previously passed by the unanimous votes of the General Assembly of the First International Symposium on Circumcision (March 3, 1989), and by the General Membership of the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Humanist Fellowship of San Diego, and by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and by Resolution of the Executive Board of the WHO on “Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning: Current needs and future orientation,” concerning traditional practices harmful to the health of women and children, which RECOMMENDED to the Forty-Seventh World Health Assembly the adoption of the following resolution: “2.(2) to establish national policies and programmes that will effectively, and with legal instruments, abolish female genital mutilation, marriage and childbearing before biological and social maturity, and other harmful practices affecting the health of women and children” (25 January 1994), the following ASHLEY MONTAGU RESOLUTION TO END THE GENITAL MUTILATIONS OF CHILDREN WORLDWIDE is hereby submitted to the FOURTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SEXUAL MUTILATIONS for approval and endorsement.
WHEREAS, the genital mutilations of children violate those inalienable human rights as enumerated in the following articles of the UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS and the U.N. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Specifically:
WHEREAS, The WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) endorsement of the recommendation of the 1979 Khartoum Seminar on Traditional Practices affecting the health of women, which recommended that governments adopt clear and definitive polices for the eradication of female genital mutilation; and
THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the FOURTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SEXUAL MUTILATIONS;
AFFIRMS that the genital mutilations of children violates the human rights of children, as contained in Articles 2, 3 and 5 of the UNITED NATIONAL UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, and Articles 19, 24 and 37 of the U.N. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD; and
REQUESTS all national governments to petition THE WORLD COURT, THE HAGUE, to have THE WORLD COURT declare that the genital mutilations of children are in violation of the above said Articles of the UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS and the U.N. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD; and
REQUESTS that all national governments pass legislation prohibiting the practice of torture, cruelty, inhuman and degrading treatment of children which is inherent in the genital mutilations of children that are conducted as a matter of socio-cultural and religious customs and are de facto violations of the UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS and the U.N. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD; and
REQUESTS that all national governments and their associated agencies educate health professionals, parents and the people on these issues, specifically, the medical, psychological, sexual and mental health hazards inherent in the genital mutilations of children, and to dispel the myths and superstitions which encourage the genital mutilations of children.
The Ashley Montagu Resolution was adopted by the acclamation of the Fourth International Syposium on Sexual Mutilations in Congress Assembled at Lausanne, Switzerland on 11 August 1996.
Endorsers of the Ashley Montagu Resolution:
James W. Prescott, Ph.D., is Director, Institute of Humanistic Science, a developmental neuropsychologist and a cross-cultural psychologist who has documented the developmental origins of violence and seeks to end violence against children and women worldwide, without which human violence cannot end.